The word periodontal means “around the tooth”.
Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth.
Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not
removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not
removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is
characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and
don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually
painless in the early stages.
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth
loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and
other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular
disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if
inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these
systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental
visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal
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